Italian Journal of Geosciences - Vol. 137 (2018) f.1

The Scaglia Toscana Formation of the Monti del Chianti: new lithostratigraphic and biostratigraphic data

Enrico Pandeli (*,**), Milvio Fazzuoli (*), Fabio Sandrelli (***), Roberto Mazzei (***), Simonetta Monechi (*), Marisa Nocchi (****), Ivan Martini (***) & Gigliola Valleri (*)
(*) Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra dell'Università di Firenze, Via G. La Pira, 4 – 50121 Florence (ITALY). Corresponding author e-mail: (**) IGG-CNR Sezione di Firenze, Via G. La Pira, 4 – 50121 Florence (ITALY). (***) Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, della Terra e dell'Ambiente, dell'Università di Siena, Via Laterina, 4 – 53100 Siena (ITALY). (****) Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra dell'Università di Perugia, Viale Zefferino Faina, 4 - 06123 Perugia (ITALY). Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra dell' Università di Firenze, Via G. La Pira, 4 – 50121 Firenze (ITALY) – Tel. (055) 2757530.

Volume: 137 (2018) f.1
Pages: 38-61


The Scaglia Toscana Formation (Scisti Policromi Auctt.) is one of the most investigated formation of the Tuscane Nappe. The Formation is widely exposed in the Chianti Mounts and despite the number of studies in this area, some aspects remain poorly known and debated. In this paper new litho- and bio-stratigraphic data from eight key-sections distributed over the entire area are provided and discussed in order to clarify the stratigraphic relationshpis among different lithostratigraphic members, as well as the depositional ages of each member. The Formation deposited in the Cretaceous-Oligocene time interval and it can be subdivided into five lithostratigraphic members: i) the "Argilliti di Brolio" (wine-red shales with sporadic siliceous calcilutites and rare interbedded cherts); ii) the "Marne del Sugame" (red and pink marls, calcareous marls and marly limestones with interbedded calcarenitic beds and ruditic lens-shaped bodies including calcareous-siliceous clasts); iii) the "Argilliti di Cintoia" (grey-green to black shales, locally with manganese-rich siliceous calcilutites and cherts); iv) the "Calcareniti di Montegrossi" (thin beds of calcilutites and calcarenites with varicoloured shaly-marly interbeds); and v) the "Argilliti e Calcareniti di Dudda" (alternating thin beds of calcilutites and calcarenites with varicoloured shaly-marly interbeds). These members deposited in a marine environment and have been interpreted as deposited in a turbiditic system, in which shaly and calcareous turbiditic members have been attributed to a basin plain below the CCD, whereas the marls and marly limestones of the Marne del Sugame Member can be settled in a slope/ramp environment above or close to the CCD. Furthermore, the combination of these new data with structural informations coming from literatures allowed to a better paleogeographic reconstruction of the paleobasin. In order to better explain these data, the paper is accompanied by two geological maps realized in the past but never distributed. The two geological maps, at the scale of 1:25,000, cover the whole area from the Cintoia (south of Florence) to the San Gusmè (north of Siena) villages.


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