Italian Journal of Geosciences - Vol. 133 (2014) f.3

Geologic map, volcanic stratigraphy and structure of the Cabo de Gata volcanic zone, Betic-Rif orogen, SE Spain

Carles C. Soriano (1), Guido Giordano (2), Nancy R. Riggs (3), Massimiliano Porreca (4), Andrea Bonamico (5), David Iosimi (2), Francesca Cifelli (2), Massimo Mattei (2), Arnaldo De Benedetti (2), Luisa Guarnieri (6) & Sara Marchionni (6)
(1) Institut de Ciències de la Terra Jaume Almera, CSIC (Spain). C/ Lluís Solé Sabarís s/n, Barcelona 08028. Tel. +34934095410. Fax +934110012. Email: Dipartimento di Scienze, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Largo S. Leonardo Murialdo, 1 - 00146 Roma (Italy).(3) Geology Program, School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff AZ 86011 (USA).(4) Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) - Sez. Roma 2, Via dell'Arcivescovado, 8 - 67100 L'Aquila (Italy).(5) Parco Regionale dell'Appia Antica, Roma (Italy).(6) Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via G. La Pira, 4 - I-50121 Firenze (Italy).

Volume: 133 (2014) f.3
Pages: 325-340


The geologic map of the Neogene Cabo de Gata volcanic zone is presented together with a comprehensive volcanic stratigraphy and structure based on logging, correlation and mapping. Volcanic rocks are interbedded with sedimentary rocks throughout the Cabo de Gata volcanic zone. The volcano-sedimentary succession of Cabo de Gata has been divided into formations according to lithology, age, composition and stratigraphic position. The contacts between sedimentary units and volcanic units and between formations are unconformities. Sedimentary units were deposited during periods of volcanic repose. The depositional environment of volcanism in Cabo de Gata is characterized as shallow-water submarine to emergent based on lithofacies of volcanic rocks and on fossil content and sedimentary structures of sedimentary rocks. The eruptive style in Cabo de Gata is dominantly effusive, although small-volume explosive eruptions due to magma-water interaction processes and to explosions of lava flow and domes complexes occurred.


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