Drowning of microbial mounds on the slopes of the Latemar platform (middle Triassic)

Marco Franceschi (1), Nereo Preto (1), Marcello Caggiati (2), Giovanni Gattolin (3), Alberto Riva (2,4) & Piero Gianolla (2)
(1) Department of Geosciences, University of Padova, via Grad- enigo, 6, 35131 Padova Italy (2) Department of Physics and Earth Science, University of Ferr- ara, Via Saragat, 1, 44122 Ferrara, Italy (3) Upstream and Technical Services, Eni S.p.A., via Emilia 1, 20097, San Donato Milanese, Italy (4) G.E.Plan Consulting srl, via Ariosto 58, 44121, Ferrara, Italy Corresponding author e-mail: marco.franceschi79@gmail.com; marco.franceschi@unipd.it


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3301/IJG.2019.23

Abstract

Two microbial mound-shaped carbonate bodies buried below the slope deposits of the middle Triassic Latemar platform (Dolomites, Italy) have been studied. The two sedimentary bodies, after having reached different stages of evolution, drowned and were covered by the slopes of the Latemar carbonate platform. The estimation of the depth and time at which they were located when they were buried made it possible to infer the average rates of relative sea-level rise to which they were subjected, revealing that these latter exceeded the growth rate of the main Latemar buildup. Given the estimated rates of sea-level rise, the two satellite bodies reached a critical depth at which microbial carbonate production stops, or it is significantly reduced, before being buried. As extensional tectonics was active in the area of the Dolomites during the Anisian, subsidence is the more likely cause of sea level rise. It is therefore hypothesized that the cause of the ultimate drowning of the ?mounds? were subsidence rates exceeding their aggradation potential and inducing a progressive deepening that brought them below the lower depth threshold of microbial carbonate production.

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